The goal of this module is to equip you with a basic understanding of genetics, but specifically nutrigenomics and nutrigenetics.
Highlighting how genetic factors may predispose to disease, and how genetic variation interacts with diet and lifestyle to alter or impact the development or progression of chronic diseases. The field of nutrigenomics offers health professionals an important new tool in their assessment of risk, and in formulating their approach to disease prevention. The genes we carry significantly impact our health and susceptibility to various diseases. The discovery of prognostic genetic markers is increasing at an astonishing rate, and continues to improve target identification, test accuracy, disease detection and treatment selection. Nutritional genomics, which studies the genome-wide influences of nutrition, has far-reaching potential in the prevention of diet-related disease. It is highly likely that during this decade the nutritional supplement, food industries and healthcare companies will grow in response to advances in nutritional genomics research and its applications. Parallel to this growth will be progress in understanding the specific influence of certain food components on metabolic pathways and on long-term risk for disease. One of the greatest technological accomplishments of the last 100 years has been the complete mapping of the human genome, first announced in 2003. This has given scientists a greater understanding of the mechanisms of health and disease at a molecular level, forever changing the face of clinical diagnosis and treatment.
The module will cover genetic variants associated with heart health, endogenous, antioxidant genes, bone health, B vitamin pathways, polymorphisms and responsiveness to diet, nutritional influences on estrogen metabolism, the human genome and molecular medicine as well as telomeres and telomerase as natural therapeutic targets.
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